Nice photos...Nukes fired at Churchill...With the US one never knows?
H.M.C.S. Labrador - Men assembling an Attwell shelter...54-55.
No. 21 - U.S. Army helicopter and tents...57-58.
Winter Training at Fort Churchill...photos state ca 43-65, more like early 60s?
This is interesting....
Secret and Confidential Subject Files, Army - Postings - Other Ranks, Canadian Army (Active) - Fort Churchill - Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps. 1946. File.
Secret and Confidential Subject Files, Army - Organization - Fort Churchill - Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps. 1947. File. RG24. File number: 404-15-9. Microfilm reel number: C-8260.
Request for permission for US Army to carry out an upper atmosphere rocket research programme at Fort Churchill as part of the International Geophysical Year research programme. 1955/05/03-1958/11/20. File. RG25-G-2. Volume/box number: 8542. File number: 12074-AM-40.
Inspections - Canadian Forces Station - Churchill. 1967. File. RG24-G-1, R112. Volume/box number: 29486. File number: 1370-1578.
Looks like Nukes at Churchill has been debated...Green Glowing polar-bears
(I doubt it was armed, but recollection says mushroom cloud 15 miles away. Does anyone have something to add? )
July-August 2003 BULLETIN OF THE ATOMIC SCIENTISTS
"Oh Lucky Canada"
(Radioactive Polar Bears: the proposed testing of British nuclear weapons in Canada.) by John Clearwater and David O'Brien.
Great Britain eyed the ecologically sensitive lands as a proving ground for its first operational nuclear bomb, the Blue Danube, a 25-kiloton weapon slightly larger than those used against Japan at the end of the Second World War, according to a declassified Canadian military document. The Canadian government was a willing partner in the top-secret plan, which envisioned the detonation of 12 first- and second-generation atomic weapons near Churchill, Manitoba, between 1953 and 1959.....
If the experiments had occurred, the fallout would have altered the landscape of northern Manitoba and the Canadian arctic, drifted southeast toward Toronto, Montreal and New York and reached as far as Europe's Nordic countries. The 12 bomb sites would still be radioactive today and people would be banned from the area, now a national park.
The plan also considered making the site available for U.S. nuclear testing, although it isn't known if the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission was interested. Ironically, northern Canada's disagreeable climate, which made the land near Churchill seem expendable at the time, was also its savior. The British appeared to have considered the site too cold and uncomfortable for their research scientists and they ultimately opted for balmy Australia as the place to conduct their bomb tests.
The 20-page top secret document, entitled The Technical Feasibility of Establishing an Atomic- Weapons Proving Ground in the Churchill Area, was declassified by Canada in cooperation with Britain, but remained un-noticed for several years. The plan was to test up to 12 atomic bombs at or above the surface near Churchill. Ground Zero was to be a site near the mouth of the Broad River, located 100 km southeast of Churchill on the shore of Hudson Bay, now part of Wapusk National Park.
The experiments would have included tests of the weapon physics, blast effects, and the functioning and ballistics of operational weapons, beginning in the summer of 1953. British soldiers and scientists would have invaded the area for the initial tests. At least 150 scientific and experimental officers, 50 scientific assistants, 50 technicians, and 100 industrial specialists would have been required for the experiments. The British noted that all labour and construction would be provided by Canada.
Canada was a significant military power at that time. It finished the Second World War with the world's fourth largest navy and its well-equipped ground and air forces made the country a valuable, if unappreciated, military ally. In the 1950s, Churchill was an unimportant port town of about 600 people, but a sprawling military base of some 6,000 Canadian and U.S. soldiers was stationed at nearby Fort Churchill....................
John Clearwater is a nuclear weapons specialist in Ottawa, and the author of Canadian Nuclear Weapons, and U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Canada. email@example.com
David O'Brien is a writer for the Winnipeg Free Press. firstname.lastname@example.org